PREVIOUS Music History Timeline - Jesus to 1000 AD NEXT

    

Year Event
350 Foundation of Schola Cantorum for church song, Rome.
386 Hymn singing introduced by Ambrose, Bishop of Milan.
390 The First “Hallelujah” hymns sung in the Christian Churches.
450 First use of alternative singing between the precentor and community at Roman Church services, patterned after Jewish traditions.
500 Boethius writes “ De Institutione Musica”
500 In Peru, flutes, tubas and drums in use.
521 Boethius introduces Greek musical letter notation to the West.
600 Pope Gregory orders the compilation of church chants, titled “Antiphonar”.
600 Pope Gregory founds the Schola Cantorum in Rome.
609 The crwth, a Celtic string insturment, appears.
619 Chinese start to use orchestras with hundreds of players.
650 Neumes, notation for groups of notes used in music. This system is used in the West until 1050.
725 The court orchestra of Emperor Ming-Huang of China represents the high musical culture of the T’ang dynasty; no harmony or polyphony, five note scale without semitones; flutes, guitars, bells, gongs, drums.
744 Singing school established at the Monastery of Fulda.
750 Gregorian church music is sung in Germany, France, and England.
750 Wind Organs, originally from Byzantium, start to replace water organs in Europe.
790 Schools for church music established at Paris, Cologne, Soissons and Metz, all under the supervision of the Schola Cantorum in Rome.
800 Poems sung to music at Charlemagne’s court.
850 Origin of Church Modes in music. 750 years later modes are tranformed into the major and minor scales
855 Earliest known attempts at polyphonic music.
870 “Musica enchiriadis,” a musical manuscriptusing Latin letters for musical notation.
889 Regino, Abbot of Prum, writes his treatise on church music: “De harmonica institutione”
890 Ratbert of St. Gallen born, hymn writer and composer.
900 Beginnings of part song in fourths, fifths and octaves.
900 Development of neumes in musical notation.
942 Kettledrums and trumpets brought to Europe by the Arabs.
980 Organ with 400 pipes finished at Winchester Monastery, England.
980 “Antiphonarium Codex Montpellier” written, important musical manuscript.
990 Development of systematic musical notation.
995 Guido d’Arezzo Italian music theorist and teacher born.
1000 Musical notation improved by Guido d’Arrezo.
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