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Year Event
1304 Rudiger Manesse, collector of minnesinger’s songs, dies; Writer of Manessien Manuscript.
1309 Marchettus of Padua pleads for the introduction of counterpoint in musical composition.
1322 The pope forbids the use of counterpoint in church music.
1325 Francesco Landino, Italian composer and organist born.
1325 Organ pedals come into use.
1325 “Tournai Mass,” first polyphonic Mass still extant.
1329 Phillipe de Vitry coins the name “Ars nova” for the new, strongly contrapunctal style of music.
1330 Paris Musicians Guild, Menetriers.
1332 Company of mastersingers formed at Toulouse.
1340 Guillaume de Machaut, the greatest musician of his day, is born.
1350 Cambrai, instead of Paris becomes the center of French music.
1350 Lute playing is now popular throughout Europe.
1350 Mastersinger movement begins in Germany.
1355 Jean de Muris, French composer dies.
1360 Beginnings of the development of the clavichord and cembalo.
1361 Phillipe de Vitry, French composer, dies.
1364 Guillaume de Machaut:”Mass for four voices,” composed for the coronation of Charles the V at Rheims.
1369 John Dunstable, English composer, born.
1377 Guillaume de Machaut, French composer, dies.
1377 The musicians of the papal chapel, Avignon, return with the court; beginnings of Rome as the center of music.
1385 The first French court ball at the wedding of Charles the VI and Isabella of Bavaria.
1397 Francesco Landino, Italian composer, dies.
1399 Guillaume Dufay, Dutch composer, born.
1400 Gilles Binchois, Dutch-Burgundian composer, is born.
1400 First mention of dulcimer.
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